The leading rating status increased by 1200% during the year.
In Russia, women are appointed who are considered the richest in the country. Forbes magazine has listed entrepreneurs and businessmen's wives, whose total fortunes exceed $ 20 billion.
Tatyana Bakalchuk, who runs the online store Wildberries, has become Russia's richest woman with high income.
year increased by 1,200% and amounted to $ 13 billion. A year ago, the entrepreneur could boast a $ 1.4 billion income.
TASS reports that the Bakalchuk company employs over 53,000 people. In 2020, Wildberries' turnover amounted to 437.2 billion rubles.
Elena Baturina, the ex-director of Inteco Management, has become the second in the ranking of rich women. Yuri Luzhkov's widow increased her fortune after the business was sold. She has $ 1.3 billion in her account.
Lidia Mikhailova, CEO of Cherkizovo, closes the Forbes rating. She was able to earn $ 1.3 billion in one year.
Among the five richest women in Russia are also Yekaterina Fedun and her 900 million dollars, the patron saint of discounters Svetofor Valentina Schneider with 650 million dollars. Also on the list is Arkady Rotenberg's daughter, Lilia, who has $ 550 million in her account. Lilia is in 11th place in the ranking. Above her – in 10th position – investor Elena Rybolovleva and $ 600 million.
As Topnews wrote earlier, Forbes magazine has already prepared the top 50 successful Russian stars. The rating was led by fighter Khabib Nurmagomedov, whose revenues reached $ 12 million.
Morgenstern was in second place and $ 7.4 million.
In third place is singer and TV presenter Olga Buzova with a fortune of $ 3.3 million.
According to the analytical note of the Accounting Chamber of Russia, it became known that the country's national debt on July 1 exceeded the threshold of 20 trillion rubles.
Like RIA & # 8220; Novosti & # 8221; clarifies; referring to the document, from january to june the debt increased by 1.48 trillion (7.8%), so that on the first day of the second half of the year it is estimated at 20,423 trillion, or 17, 7% of GDP, which had previously been predicted by analysts.
The document indicates that the domestic debt represents 16,200 billion dollars, an additional 506 billion was spent on debt service, while 434.5 billion dollars for the domestic debt.
According to the head of the Russian Ministry of Finance Anton Siluanov, in the next few years the debt will be around 18 & # 8211; 20% of gross national product against a background of declining borrowing level compared to last year.
Recall that in 2020, the national debt will rise amounted to 18.99 trillion rubles, in 2019 & # 8211; 5.4 trillion less.
Moreover, in the period from mid-2019 to July 2020, Russia's so-called net debt reached negative values thanks to government reserves . But the decline in oil growth and the pandemic crisis have worsened the situation.
Earlier, as Topnews wrote, Bloomberg suggested that new US and UK sanctions against the Russian Federation could affect the oligarchs and national debt.
During the year, the number of citizens with incomes below the subsistence level reached 17.8 million.
The Ministry of Labor of Russia has listed the regions of the country where the level of poverty is high. The regions with the lowest poverty level were also named. According to the most recent data alone, during the year in Russia the number of citizens who receive below subsistence level reached 17.8 million people.
According to data from Rosstat, which was announced by representatives of the Ministry of Labor at the community forum, most of the poor in Tuva – just over 34%. In Ingushetia, a third of the citizens receive little money. The number of poor people in Kabardino-Balkaria reaches 24.2%.
Interestingly, there are a lot of poor people in Altai – over 23%, reports TASS.
The subjects where wealthy citizens live are also named. … These are Magadan and Sakhalin regions, Chukotka, Tatarstan, Kursk region. These regions also include Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Experts have also listed ways out of “grounded poverty”, when the “family is deeply poor” and parents cannot give their children a good education.
The region is expected to have a high employment rate and good social and economic policy with developed social contacts. In particular, families need to pay benefits quickly, making payments only to those who need them.
Recall that in the summer of 2020, Vladimir Putin entrusted the government with the task of reducing the number of poor people in the country in 10 years. By 2030, the number of poor citizens in Russia is expected to be 9.5 million.
As Topnews wrote earlier, Vladimir Putin has decided to make payments to some citizens of Russia.
Among them are retirees. They will give 10,000 rubles each, and the military will give them 15,000 rubles each.
Note experts that Moscow will not be able to monetize the funds.
The International Monetary Fund transferred $ 17.48 billion to Russia as part of anti-crisis aid.
However, the money has been allocated in the form of non-cash receipts to bank accounts, and it is very difficult to transfer these funds into real money.
Recall that about the distribution of anti-crisis money & # 8220; the IMF began to respond in the spring. Grants totaling $ 650 billion are distributed among fund participants based on the country's share of the organization's capital. Russia's quota is around 2.7%.
However, the funds are allocated as & # 8220; special drawing rights & # 8221; which do not have a physical form, so they cannot be removed from the repository.
According to Financial University professor Alexander Safonov, these funds can be used in the form of a so-called firm cash reserve. For example, these receipts can be used to repay debts to the IMF or use them to attract new loans.
Additionally, you can come to an agreement with the fund and transfer that money into receipts.
However, expert Anton Tabakh recalls & # 8220; Moskovsky Komsomolets & # 8221; that Russia repaid its debts to the IMF in 2005 and has not participated in any new credit programs since 1999.
At the same time, little is known about history 39; examples of monetization of such recipes & # 8211; these transactions took place when the IMF agreed to give free grants to another member of the fund.
& # 8220; As a member of this organization, our country does not need the allocated funds: it is like garbage in the attic – there seems to be a lot, but there is nothing to apply them to & # 8221;, & # 8211; Tabakh said, noting that these funds can only strengthen the overall level of Russia's financial assessment.
Earlier, TopNews wrote that the Rada called the IMF a “predatory organization”.
Kiev has made it clear that it may refuse to repay the loan granted.
The explanatory note of the document mentions the threshold of old age.
A group of Communist Party deputies in the State Duma and parliamentarian Vasily Ikonnikov sent the State Duma a project to restore the retirement age.
As conceived by the authors of the document, the changes are expected to go into effect on January 1 of next year.
According to TASS, the text of the document declares the return of the age for the granting of an old age pension insurance for men & # 8211; at age 60, women & # 8211; 55.
The authors believe that the increase in the retirement age, announced in 2018, was not necessary, but there is a need to improve the mechanism of the pension system itself in terms of financial support. For example, the developers offer to replenish it with new taxes.
The document says that Russia does not need the growth of workers, especially since citizens who are of pre-retirement age report deteriorating health. In addition, the burden on the Social Insurance Fund has increased since 2018.
The document states that the higher the retirement age, the more Russians will apply for disability.
Also, according to the explanatory note to the document, if the age does not return to its previous course, then the risk of youth unemployment will increase.
Recall that at the beginning of the summer, the labor committee of the State Duma announced that the increase in the retirement age and the reduction in the amount of payments are not under discussion. Thus, the head of the committee, Yaroslav Nilov, said that the pension reform in 2018 is in a transitional phase.
A member of the labor committee, Mikhail Tarasenko, focused on the dependence of retirement age on labor productivity.
He noted that most likely you won't have to increase your age, but think in the opposite direction. Reason & # 8211; in the excess workforce that will result from robotization and automation of production.
As Topnews wrote, in April of this year the FIU recalled that some Russians will be able to take early retirement, already in 2021. Thus, this right can be exercised by Russian women born in 1965 and mothers of four children. .
In addition, since 2023 Russian women & # 8211; mothers of three who raised them to age eight will be able to retire at 57.
Russian women who have given birth to at least five children will be able to retire at age 50.
An early pension can also be awarded to Russians with seniority among men & # 8211; 42 years old, female & # 8211; 37. And residents of the Far North were entitled to early retirement, for them the age arrives 5 years earlier than the general rules, if they have at least 15 years' work experience .
Finally, one of the parents can take early retirement in families where there is a disabled child under the age of eight, as well as Russians & # 8211; guardians of the disabled since childhood.
A number of parliamentarians were skeptical of the Liberal Party's initiative -democrat.
The group of state Duma deputies of the LDPR faction, including parliamentarian Sergei Leonov, intends to propose to the lower house of parliament on August 11 a bill to increase the minimum wage at 20,000 rubles per month.
According to the head of the Committee on Labor and Veterans Affairs Yaroslav Nilov of the Telegram channel, according to the authors' idea, the changes are expected to take effect on January 1 of next year.
The document indicates that funds from the National Social Protection Fund, which has 13.5 trillion rubles as of January 1 of this year, may become a source of spending to raise the minimum wage.
The purpose of the project, as follows from the explanatory note, & # 8211; help the most vulnerable categories of Russians.
According to them, the low level of minimum wages leads to a vast underground economy, & # 8220; working poor & # 8221 ;, corruption and stratification of the population.
The developers have said that the minimum wage, even in developing countries in Asia and Europe, is double the minimum wage in Russia.
In response to the proposal, State Duma Deputy Adalbi Shkhagoshev said that at the moment the growth of the minimum wage is unrealistic.
He believes that for such changes it is necessary to wait until the moment when the draft is submitted for consideration, and the new composition of the State Duma will consider it.
& # 8220; I would like to believe that this initiative is carefully crafted and is not tied to elections because we are talking about some very serious numbers & # 8221; – commented on the initiative to Izvestia Shkhagoshev.
As RBC clarifies, the size of the minimum wage from January 1 of this year & # 8211; 12,792 rubles, the living wage, which this year was set immediately at 12 months – 11,653.
In addition, the Russian government decided to increase the minimum wage to 13,617 rubles to from 2022.
The Ministry of Labor, in turn, indicated that from 2022 the minimum subsistence level for able-bodied Russians will be 13,026 rubles, children – 11,592, retirees – 10,277.
Earlier, Topnews wrote that at the end of 2020 there was the method of calculating the minimum wage was changed.
Experts believe that containing climate change will require such a global measure.
The President's Special Representative of Russia for Digital and Technological Development Dmitry Peskov has said that a new tax may appear in Russia.
The expert named the reason for climate change, which will affect the quality of the produced product. To contain them, comprehensive measures will be necessary, he believes.
As quoted by an expert from TASS, Peskov believes that such an accounting policy, which marks the hydrocarbon footprint, could also affect Russian animal production.
He predicted that in the next few years, producers will be “strongly outraged”, and then the authorities will have to move on to introducing a tax on meat. Under the influence of the climate agenda, the sphere itself will also change, new technologies will emerge in Russian breeding.
Media reports that previously the introduction of a meat tax was proposed by the Beyond Meat company. Founder Ethan Brown believes the measures will force people to eat less of it.
According to the entrepreneur, & # 8220; Piguvian & # 8221; the tax should target meat of animal origin. It will be expressed by receiving payments from companies which in the course of their activities have a negative effect on society.
And developing countries will force the tax to invest in the production of a product from protein vegetables.
As Topnews wrote earlier, the WHO was going to equate meat with carcinogens, along with cigarettes and arsenic.
Thanks to the project, Europe will maintain its heavy dependence on Russian gas.
According to columnist John Ruhl, & # 8220; Nord Stream 2 & # 8221; will create a lot of problems for Ukraine.
The reporter noted that after the opening of the gas pipeline, Nezalezhnaya cannot expect violent indignation at the international level, due to & # 8220; new circumstances & # 8221 ;.
In his article for the National Interest, Ruhl points out that the pipeline maintains Europe's heavy dependence on Russian gas.
However, the new transit gas pipeline threatens the energy and national security of countries like Ukraine and Poland.
& # 8220; The desire of the European Union to act as an intermediary [of Ukraine] will diminish & # 8221 ;, & # 8211; writes the journalist.
He pointed out that against the background of the imminent significant reduction in gas transit through Ukraine, Kiev could not only lose economic advantages, but completely lose the access to a power source.
Earlier, TopNews wrote that Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky spoke about & # 8220; Nord Stream-2 & # 8221;. He called the pipeline & # 8220; an asset & # 8221; in the hands of the Russian leadership.